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Copal unites the energizing force of the sun with the grounding, transmutive properties of earth. A powerful yet gentle healer and cleanser, Copal draws out and transmutes negative energy of all kinds on all levels. Copal aids in physical self-healing, emotional healing of depression, and environmental clearing.

Copal opens and cleanses all of the chakras. Highly protective, Copal also aids in the manifestation of ideas to reality. The life force trapped within Copal promotes fertility, and its protective and environmental clearing properties make it a good stone to use to prepare a healing or birthing room.

Use Copal with the Solar Plexus Chakra to increase confidence, mental clarity, and creative self expression.

In very simple terms, in order to qualify a piece of resin as true Amber, a couple of things need to have happened. First, the molecules must have formed a polymer (a compound where two or more molecules have joined together) and secondly, the specimen must be at least 100,000 years old. Copal or Copalite is the term given to organic resins that are not old enough (i.e. younger than 100,000 years) to have fossilized and hardened sufficiently to become Amber.

In Africa, Copal is found in the coastal countries of East and West Africa, but especially on Madagascar. This so-called Madagascar Amber is solidified resin of the Amber Pine but is only 1,000 - 10,000 years old. Most Amber from Columbia is less than 250 years old and in fact is not Amber at all, but the softer, younger version called Copal.

In summary, here are a few facts about Amber and Copal:

  • Amber is defined by geologists as fossilized tree resin (not tree sap). Sap is the fluid that circulates through a plant's vascular system. Sap to a tree, is like blood flowing through the veins of you or me. Resin, on the other hand, is a semi-solid amorphous (no crystal structure) organic substance that is secreted in pockets and canals through epithelial cells of the plant. It's the really sticky stuff that after time will fossilize and harden.
  • Hardened tree resin that is less than 100,000 years old is called Copal.
  • Copal becomes Amber when it has finished fossilizing.
  • Copal can "craze" or crack on the surface as the volatile oils (or turpenes) evaporate.
  • Copal will dissolve in acetone, but Amber will not.
  • Copal from Madagascar and Columbia are 250 to 10,000 years old
  • Amber from the Baltics and the Dominican Republic are 25 to 40 million years old.


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Physical and Metaphysical Properties for
Crystal Name:Copal
Alternate Stone Name:Columbian Amber
Affirmation:I am cleansed and healed.
Question:Do you find that spending time outdoors helps you connect with the energy of the Earth?
Astrological Sign:Aquarius (January 20 to February 18), Leo (July 23 to August 22)
Primary Chakra:Solar Plexus Chakra
Location:Columbia, Russia
Rarity:More common than aged Amber
Mineral Class:Mineraloids
Crystal System:Amorphous Crystal System
Hardness:2 to 2.5 hardness
Numerical Vibration:Number 2, Number 3
Chemical Composition:C10H16O, Tree Resin particularly from Protium copal
Physical:Arthritis, Asthma, Body, Body Detox, Bone Disorders and Health, Brain Disorders and Health, Colds and Flu, Dental Pain and Problems, Emphysema, Headaches and Migraine Relief, Hearing Problems, Heart, Intestinal Disorders and Health, Kidney Disorders and Health, Laryngitis, Lungs, Lymphatic System, Nervous System Regeneration and Healing, Ovarian Disorders or Cysts, Pain Relief, Pancreas Health, Pregnancy, Rheumatism, Stomach Problems/Constipation/Diarrhea, Throat, Tonsillitis, Toxins, Trauma, Urinary Tract and Health
Emotional:Centering, Dispel or Release Negativity, Eases Depression, Patience, Reducing Stress or Tension
Spiritual:Altruism, Ancient Knowledge and Wisdom, Aura Balancing, Earth Healing, Grounding, Past Life Recall
Extra Grade:Beautiful amber (yellow-orange) color, transparent, <10% inclusions/matrix
A Grade:Nice amber (yellow-orange)color, partially transparent, 10% - 25% inclusions/matrix
B Grade:Poor amber (yellow-orange) color, opaque and/or >25% inclusions/matrix
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Posted on March 13, 2013
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